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The world is changing constantly since ancient times till date. Changes do not only mean ' to replace ' , it  means make modification of something . Everything of human life is changing . Their way of living , way of talking , dressing , eating habits , means of communication, teaching - learning processes etc . Greek philosopher Heraclitus stated that there is nothing permanent except change . So , the world is changing quickly and we must prepare ourselves to accept the changes  accordingly by changing our mindset . We must come out of our comfort zones and accept challenges. According to Thomas Fuller , ' All things are difficult before they are easy . ' So , adaptation is not a difficult task if we think and accept it positively .

    The teaching learning process is changing from Gurukul to School and now it has reached digital media age . Learners acquired knowledge from the Gurus during ancient times and now they are acquiring education using technology . It is the need of the hour both for teachers and students to use technology in education .

     Technology is the application of scientific knowledge for various practical purposes in our daily lives ( like internet , education , communication , health care , productivity , transport , banking , automation , robotics etc ) . Technology in education refers to the effective use of various tools , equipment and machines in the field of education . It's used to facilitate , enable and promote learning through distance learning , Google classroom , Projector or digital white board , web page , YouTube etc .

Need of technology in education :

        ' Technology will not replace great teachers but in the hand of great teachers, it's transformational ' - George Couros . 

Now-a-days when a teacher wants to impart education in an effective manner , he needs to go beyond textbook. The information and communication technology ( ICT ) assists a teacher to go beyond textbook . Need of technology in education is the demand of the present world .

The following are the reasons for which technology is needed in education :

1. As per National Education Policy 2020 , ' New circumstances and realities require new initiatives . The recent rise in epidemics and pandemics necessitates that we are ready with alternative modes of quality education whenever and wherever traditional and in - person modes of education are not possible . '

2. Technology helps teachers and students to adopt 21st century skills and prepares them for future .

3. It is needed to develop self - awareness in students in present world .

4. Technology is needed now-a-days to draw attention of students and motivate them to focus on their particular topic .

5. It's needed to encourage collaboration among peer - students , between teacher - students and between teacher - parents .

6.  To develop communication skills in education , technology is needed .

7. Technology is needed for students to explore and meet their curiosity .

8.  To improve teaching - learning methods and techniques , lesson planning ,  technology is needed . 

9. Both teachers and students search and collect informations through technology more easily .

10. It improves self - learning in students .

11. Technology enhances learning . There is no learning boundary , no partition between two classes , no age limit to acquire knowledge . Students may search in any device for any topic of any class to learn and meet their curiosity .

12. Technology is needed to develop student's interest in learning .

13. A video or audio recording helps students in revision of the subject matter . If any student can't attend his normal classes due to his illness , he can easily understand his subject matter through recorded classes or online classes when normal classes are going on in the classroom .

12. For the assessment of students , using technology is needed .

Use of technology in education :

     Effective use of technology improves teacher's professional growth , it also improves learner's knowledge , understanding and skills . Use of technology in education makes education more flexible and adaptive . Technology in education is an important tool for variety of areas like making curriculum , preparing lesson plan , using digital white board , imparting education and collecting student's feedback etc . The following are some tools which are generally used in technology learning process through the devices like computer , laptop , tablet or mobile phone etc . :-

1. Digital white board or Digital Projector

2. Internet , websites , web portals , YouTube or any other social media .

3. Digital platforms like DIKSHA , SWAYAM , PhET , Khan Academy etc .

4. Virtual learning through Google classroom , Zoom App , Google Meet etc . for sharing study materials , arranging live classes .

5. E-contents are available as e-books .

6. For fun-based learning a teacher can use such appropriate tools .

7. Learning through Augmented reality and Virtual reality .

8. Using Artificial intelligence technology . 

9. Technology is used in assessment of student's learning experiences . Many online assessment tools and techniques are designed for the assessment of students . For example , Socrative is a formative assessment tool .

10. HRMS Assam, a digital portal for teachers posting and transfer management system .

11.Siksha setu , a digital portal with 360 degree information on schools , stuff and students for School Education Department , Assam .

12. Software which are useful for studying science are Kalzium, Avogadro , ANTOMY 3D , etc . Educative 8 , Tux Math etc . are used for studying Mathematics and GeoGebra for Geometry , Science and Earth Science . Bhuvan for Social Science . Google Earth , Google Maps etc. are useful for Geography .

13. Digital note pad , MS office like MS Word , Excel , Power point etc . are used by the teachers to save his time and make the task easier .

      Finally , we can say that technology in education doesn't merely mean the use of the internet and digital devices but to consider using these as a means to achieve the objectives and learning outcomes related to the content to be carried out .

Sources : 

1. Diksha content - introduction to ICT
2. NEP2020
3. Online Google sources

Maskura Begom , 
Assistant Teacher ,
Champupara HS School ,
Block - Chhaygoan 
Kamrup , Assam

Post a Comment


  1. Keep it up, this article is a positive information to both teachers and students

  2. Article, abundant with 360 degree knowledge coverage to motivate anyone to opt for ICT for effective educational communication..... good one....best wishes, Maskura

  3. Thank you so much baideo 🙏❤️

  4. I have read your article. Definitely this article will help teaching community n students well. That's the best ever.